vitamins deficiency symptoms

Magnesium is related to osteoporosis

Magnesium is essential for more than 300 metabolic reactions in cells with hundreds of enzyme systems. Magnesium helps in synthesis of nucleic acids, fats, and protein. Magnesium offsets calcium for properly controlled blood clotting. Magnesium accumulated calcium in teeth to make teeth more resistant to cavities. it is a vital nutrient Although there is less than one ounce (about 19 grams) of magnesium in an adult body,.
Most of the magnesium in the body is found in the skeleton, about one-quarter of the magnesium is found in muscles. Only one percent of the magnesium in the body is found outside of cells. Magnesium in blood cells has three forms: bound to proteins, in stable compounds, and as ionized magnesium.

The conventional scientific view is that magnesium is essential for production and release of parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH is essential for the activation of vitamin D and therefore absorption of calcium across the gut wall.magnesuim

Even though calcium has received the most attention, alternative medicine views the importance of magnesium in skeletal metabolism and calcium regulation in a little bit different and perhaps broader contexts. Magnesium influences both matrix and mineral metabolism in bone.
Magnesium depletion causes cessation of bone growth, decreased osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity, osteopenia, and bone fragility. Adequate serum magnesium levels are necessary for proper calcium metabolism; adequate calcium intake may not ensure proper bone health if magnesium status is abnormal.
Magnesium deficiency has been shown more than once to be related to osteoporosis.

Magnesium also required for nerve and muscle function, formation of bones and teeth, synthesis of the antioxidant glutathione, cell membranes, and body temperature regulation. Moreover it involved in energy production, numerous enzyme reactions, and synthesis of DNA and RNA.
Magnesium plays great role in prevention heart disease and in the treatment of high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, migraine headaches, and asthma.

Severe magnesium deficiency is uncommon, but may occur in those with poor diets, malabsorption syndromes (celiac disease), Crohn’s disease, intestinal surgery or infl ammation, kidney disease, diabetes, alcoholism, and in the elderly due to reduced absorption.
Marginal deficiency (consuming less than the RDA) is estimated to affect 75 percent of people.

Symptoms of deficiency include muscle cramps and spasms, weakness, insomnia, poor appetite, kidney stones, osteoporosis, nervousness, irritability, anxiety, depression, and high blood pressure.

Food Sources

Foods high in magnesium include leafy dark-green vegetables, unrefined grains, nuts, seeds, meat, milk, soybeans, tofu, legumes, and figs.


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