vitamins deficiency symptoms

Minerals in Type 2 Diabetes Diets

Type 2 Diabetes Diets & Nutrition

Diabetes mellitus, usually just called diabetes, is a disorder in which the body is unable to regulate the amount of sugar, or glucose, in the blood. There are 2 types of diabetes.  Type 1, or insulin-dependent diabetes, is due to insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas.  Without insulin, the body cannot use glucose, which causes low glucose absorption by the tissues, and results in high blood sugar levels.  It occurs mostly in young adults or children.

What are Symptoms of Diabetes Type 1

Childhood diabetes symptoms include abnormal thirst, frequent urination, unusual hunger, irritability, weakness, fatigue, and nausea or vomiting.  If left untreated, more severe childhood diabetes symptoms include double vision, disorientation, trembling, and eventually, coma.

Type 2 Diabetes (Diets-related Diabetes)

Type 2 diabetes is usually seen only later in life, and is called adult-onset diabetes.  It can be due to insufficient production of insulin, but is usually because the body cannot utilize insulin effectively, referred to as glucose intolerance or insulin resistance.

What are Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2

Insulin resistance symptoms of type 2 diabetes include slow healing, skin infections, itching, tingling or numbness in the feet, drowsiness, fatigue, unusual thirst, obesity, and blurred vision.

Obesity is a major contributing factor in type 2 diabetes.  Diets are often used to control it, and insulin is not usually required.

What nutrient deficiencies can lead to diabetes

Coenzyme Q10 is vital for making energy needed for cells to grow normally and to stay healthy, and for the basic functioning of every cell. It is also an important antioxidant. Deficiency of coenzyme Q10 is known to lead to
high blood sugar levels and insulin resistance symptoms.

Foods rich in coenzyme Q10 that may help an anti-high blood sugar diet include:

  • migratory fish like herring, mackerel, salmon, sardines
  • germ part of whole grains, eg.
  • wheat germ.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is needed to stimulate production of insulin. Lack of vitamin D can result in increased risk of diabetes due to insufficient insulin produced.

Foods high in vitamin D that may contribute to an anti-high blood sugar diet include

  • fish liver oils
  • mackerel
  • salmon, especially sockeye salmon
  • sardine
  • shrimp.


Chromium is especially critical for maintaining blood sugar balance, due to its role in formation of GTF (Glucose Tolerance Factor). GTF enables insulin to push glucose from blood into cells, where it is used for energy.
Chromium deficiency therefore leads to insulin resistance or glucose intolerance where cells in the body become resistant to the effects of insulin (in pushing glucose from the blood across cell membranes into cells), which affects the ability of insulin to regulate blood sugar and means higher amounts of insulin are needed.

Chromium-rich foods that are helpful to an anti-high blood sugar diet include:

  • brewer’s yeast
  • molasses
  • onions (raw)
  • ripe tomatoes
  • romaine lettuce.


Since the 1990s, evidence has shown that magnesium supplementation can improve insulin sensitivity in diabetics and help regulate blood sugar levels, and that deficiency of magnesium causes insulin resistance linked to blood sugar imbalances and type 2 diabetes.

Magnesium deficiency causes overactivation of nerve and muscle impulses, leading to tremors or hyperexcitability or irritability and nervousness ; muscle weakness, twitching or spasm, cramp, fatigue; mental confusion, disorientation, or apathy; affects calcium metabolism, leading to low blood levels of calcium, and softening and weakening of bones ; low blood levels of potassium ; increased risk of stroke . Severe deficiency can lead to muscle contractions, tingling or numbness. Severe magnesium deficiency can cause seizures, delirium and hallucinations. Some studies showed that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to have magnesium deficiency; magnesium given in addition to ADHD medication appeared to decrease hyperactivityFoods high in magnesium include

  • rice bran, wheat bran
  • peas and beans (legumes) such as black beans, black-eyed peas, green beans, green peas, kidney beans, lentils, lima beans, navy beans, pinto beans, french beans
  • whole grains (such as brown rice, buckwheat, millet, oats, quinoa, wheat)
  • whole grain products (like whole-grain cereals, buckwheat flour, rye flour)
  • nuts (like almonds, cashews, peanuts)
  • seeds such as pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, flax seeds, mustard seeds
  • most dietary magnesium comes from vegetables, especially dark green, leafy vegetables such as spinach, swiss chard, kale, mustard greens, turnip greens, broccoli, collard greens.


Due to the importance of manganese in enzyme activation, a deficiency is known to adversely affect many bio-chemical processes in the body and lead to high blood sugar levels (impaired glucose tolerance).

Manganese deficiency can leads:

  • hearing loss
  • iron-deficiency anemia, due to manganese’s role in iron utilization
  • blood cholesterol levels that are too low
  • impaired bone growth or skeletal abnormalities, especially in children
  • loss of hair colour Mn.11 Deficiency symptoms for Manganese-diabetes-glucose-intolerance defective functioning of the reproductive system
  • severe deficiency in infants can cause convulsions, and even paralysis, blindness and deafness
  • excessive bone loss and weak hair and nails

Foods high in manganese that can be useful in an anti-high blood sugar diet include:

  • dark green leafy vegetables (broccoli, chard, collard greens, kale, mustard greens, romaine lettuce, spinach)
  • avocados
  • pineapple
  • raspberries
  • nuts (almonds, peanuts, pecans, walnuts).


Zinc regulates insulin activity and blood sugar balance. Lack of zinc can lead to lowered glucose tolerance with increased risk of diabetes.

Other symptoms that may indicate deficiency of Zinc :

  • impaired sense of smell and taste
  • impaired immune function
  • susceptibility to pneumonia and other infections in malnourished children and the elderly
  • skin ulcers
  • slow wound healing
  • retarded growth in infants and children
  • delayed sexual maturation
  • hypogonadism in males (where the body does not produce enough testosterone hormone)
  • impotence
  • reduced thyroid hormone output
  • decreased metabolic rate
  • mental lethargy
  • depression
  • lack of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss
  • diarrhea
  • hair loss
  • skin rashes or skin lesions
  • eye lesions
  • night blindness (difficulty with seeing in the dark)

Zinc-rich foods include

  • liver
  • meat (beef, chicken, lamb, pork, venison)
  • mushrooms
  • raw oysters.

Optimum Diabetics

Optimum Diabetics Health supplement provides essential nutrients that may be lacking due to the strain diabetes can often put on the body’s health. Each serving provides a complete, full potency formulation of vitamins, minerals and Alpha Lipoic Acid. If you are not always eating a balanced diet, Optimum Diabetics Health Supplement provides the nutrients that you may be missing.

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visit also     DIABETES SUPPLIES


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