vitamins deficiency symptoms

Fluoride prevents tooth decay

Fluoride is the ion form of the highly reactive element fluorine. Fluoride is not considered an essential trace mineral because it is not needed for growth or life. Almost all of the fluoride in the body is found in bones and teeth. Even so, fluoride is very valuable for preventing tooth decay and even repairing decay in its earliest stages.
Natural Dentist Fluoride Rinse Berry Blast (16 oz)
Several researches have found reduced facts of dental decay in populations drinking fluoridated water.
Fluoridated drinking water reduces cavities in children by 20 to 40 percent and in adults by 15 to 35 percent—and the effect is even greater if we also use fluoridated toothpaste.
Fluoride helps build strong bones and keep them that way. There’s some solid evidence that people who live in areas with fluoridated water have less osteoporosis. New drugs that combine calcium and fluoride for treating osteoporosis are now being investigated and show a lot of promise.
There’s no RDA for fluoride, but today about 60 percent of the municipalities in the United States add it to their water supplies at the rate of one milligram per liter (which is another way of saying one part per million). That amount means the average adult will get between 1.5 and 4.0 mg a day just from drinking tap water.

Fluoride food sources

The main source of fluoride in the United States is fluoridated water. About two thirds of the population of the United States drinks fluoridated water. The fluoride content of food is extremely low. Only tea and sardines have been found to contain even small amounts of fluoride. The swallowing of fluoride-containing toothpaste is a major source of fluoride intake, especially in children.

Side effects/ toxicity

There is some controversy about the toxicity of fluoride. It is well established that excess fluoride can cause dental fluorosis. Mild dental fluorosis can result in mottled teeth. With higher levels of fluoride, pitting of the tooth enamel can occur. This may be due to the combined fluoride intake from fluoridated water, fluoridated toothpaste, and topical dental fluoride treatments.

Chromium deficiency lead to diabetes

Chromium is involved in glucose metabolism (enhances effect of insulin) and enzyme reactions.
Some studies show that it helps diabetics control their blood sugar better.
Kal Chromium Picolinate, 200 mcg (200 tablets)
Trivalent chromium produced the effects of insulin. The body secretes the hormone insulin in response to rising levels of blood sugar. Insulin binds to receptors on cell membranes thus stimulating the cells to take in more glucose (blood sugar).
This not only clears excess insulin from the blood, but also assists the cells in obtaining blood sugar. Compounds that assist insulin in clearing glucose from the blood are called glucose tolerance factors. Some glucose tolerance factors contain chromium. Trivalent chromium also enhances the ability of insulin to remove fats from the blood.
Chromium also it helps body builders to build muscle faster. Some researches have found it helps lower high cholesterol and boosts our production of the anti-aging hormone DHEA.
It is believed that sufficient amounts keep the blood sugar on a consistent level, preventing mood swings, depression and providing energy throughout the day.

Although severe deficiency is rare but marginal deficiency is common in USA.
It is estimated that 90 percent of adults consume less than the RDA. Deficiency can lead to diabetes mellitus (though this condition may result from a chromium poor diet that is deficient in other minerals, too) and arteriosclerosis.
The main cause of deficiency is bad food ration. High-sugar diets increase urinary excretion of chromium.
Chromium deficiency impacts in impaired glucose utilization and may be a contributing factor to the development of type 2 diabetes. Symptoms include elevated blood sugar, numbness, and tingling in the extremities and nerve problems.

For prevention of chromium deficiency a multivitamin/mineral complex containing chromium is recommended. Chromium is available in several forms. The picolinate and polynicotinate forms (the latter sold under the brand name Chrome-Mate) also act as antioxidants

Chromium food sources

There is no enough information according chromium content of foods. Furthermore, the amount of chromium in foods is quite variable. Good sources of chromium include whole grain products, beef, black pepper, broccoli, green beans, grape juice, beer, bran, breour’s yeast, cheese, chicken, clams, corn oil, liver, meat, mushrooms, poultry, shellfish, thyme, wheat germ, whole-grain.

Selenium decrease the risk of cancer

Selenium is part of an important antioxidant, glutathione peroxidase. Selenium is also found in another antioxidant, selenoprotein P. Recent researches have shown that selenium can be a powerful cancer-prevention supplement. Several studies show that supplementation with selenium decrease the risk of colon and prostate cancer. Unfortunately, the risk of one type of skin cancer (squamous cell carcinoma) was found to be increased by selenium supplementation. Selenium may also help protect us against heart disease. It also helps our immune system work effectively and helps remove heavy metals such as lead from our body. Vitamin E works better and longer in our body when we have plenty of selenium. All that makes selenium pretty important for a mineral we need only in micrograms.

seleniumDeficiency of selenium is uncommon, but may occur in those with poor diets, those who live in areas where the soil is depleted in selenium, Crohn’s disease, and malabsorption syndromes (celiac disease). Selenium deficiency symptoms are muscular weakness and wasting, cardiomyopathy (infl ammation of the heart), pancreatic damage, and impaired immune function.

Selenium food sources

Natural sources of selenium are whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, spaghetti noodles, ground beef and canned tuna. Fruit and vegetables grown in selenium-rich soil also contained selenium.

Selenium side effects and toxicity

Doses of over 1000 mcg/day of selenium can be toxic. Even at doses greater than 400 mcg/day it can occur hair and nail brittleness and loss, upset stomach, skin rash, fatigue, and irritability Symptoms of toxicity can include also vomiting and diarrhea, and skin problems.

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