vitamins deficiency symptoms

Why we need molybdenum?

Very small amount of molybdenum is contained in all of our tissues. It’s required to make several enzymes, particularly one called xanthine oxidase that need to grow and develop normally and to use iron in our body properly.
Molybdenum required for the production of enzymes that is cofactors in amino acid metabolism, formation of uric acid, and the metabolism of drugs and toxins.

molybdenum1Almost whole amount of molybdenum the average adult gets between from food. So molybdenum deficiency is almost impossible.

There are rare cases of molybdenum deficiency from faulty intravenous feeding or from genetic defects. Signs of molybdenum deficiency may include low levels of uric acid in blood and urine and an increase of sulfite in the urine.

The amount of molybdenum in our food depends on where it was grown. The soil in some parts of the country is much higher in molybdenum than others.

In general, good food sources include whole grains, lean meat, organ meats, beans, dark-green leafy vegetables, and milk. Most people get plenty from their food and don’t need extra, although molybdenum is often found in daily multi supplements.

• Deficiency is extremely rare and may occur in those with a rare genetic condition; deficiency causes seizures, developmental delays in neonates, tachycardia, brain damage, and coma.
• Drugs that deplete: high intakes of copper or sulphate.
• Supplements beyond the amount provided by diet and/or a multivitamin and mineral complex are not necessary.

Food Sources

The amount of molybdenum in our food depends on where it was grown. The soil in some parts of the country is much higher in molybdenum than others.

The richest dietary sources for molybdenum are beans, lentils, and peas. Whole grains and nuts are good sources. Hard drinking water also contains molybdenum. Animal products, vegetables, and fruits are low in molybdenum. The molybdenum content of food can vary considerably

Molybdenum side effects and toxicity

Toxicity is rare and may cause goutlike symptoms and neurological problems; those with copper deficiency are at increased risk of molybdenum toxicity.

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Danger of iron deficiency

Iron qualifies as a trace mineral. We need iron to carry oxygen in our blood and also to make other enzymes.
Every one of our red blood cells contains protein hemoglobin. Four atoms of iron are attached to every hemoglobin molecule. Iron is used to transport and store oxygen in blood and to store oxygen in muscles.
Iron also produces hemoglobin and myoglobin – proteins involved in the transport and storage of oxygen – and amino acids. It also need for cellular energy production, produces enzymes that have antioxidant effects, supports DNA synthesis and immune function

Herbal Iron Multi-Vitamin Supplement 17 fl oz: K
Iron deficiency is common. At risk are women with heavy menstrual bleeding and during pregnancy (increased needs for baby), vegetarians, and those with malabsorption syndromes (celiac disease), bleeding ulcers, copper deficiency, and in surgery.

Deficiency of iron does not immediately cause iron deficiency anemia.
Even before signs of anemia occur, signs of apathy and fatigue may be apparent. Some children may be incorrectly diagnosed with attention deficit disorders when they are actually suffering from iron depletion.
After iron stores are depleted, blood cells begin to have less hemoglobin and the blood cells start to become smaller than usual. With less hemoglobin than needed, oxygen delivery to the cells becomes inadequate, especially during exertion.
There are other causes of anemia, such as deficiency of vitamin B12 or folate.
Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are usually a result of inadequate oxygen delivery. Symptoms include fatigue, rapid heart rate, reduced work capacity, and rapid breathing upon exertion.

Iron deficiency can also limit the ability to maintain body temperature in cold conditions. Both hemoglobin in blood and myoglobin in muscles become depleted.

Lack of iron may also limit the creation of energy in the electron transport chain. This may lead to more anaerobic energy production resulting in excess lactic acid and fatigue.

Severe iron deficiency anemia can result in spoon-shaped, brittle nails, taste bud atrophy, and mouth sores.

Iron supplements can bind to and reduce absorption and efficacy of levodopa, levothyroxine, methyldopa, quinolones, tetracyclines, bisphosphonates, and zinc and calcium supplements.

To avoid this, separate intake of iron supplements from these products by two hours.

Vitamin C-rich foods and supplements enhance the absorption of nonheme iron (form of iron found primarily in plants).
A multivitamin/mineral complex providing the RDA is recommended for most premenopausal and pregnant women and those at risk of deficiency.

Food Sources

Iron is found in food in two types: heme iron and non-heme iron.
Rich sources of heme iron include organ meats, lean beef, chicken, oysters, and pork.
Good sources of nonheme iron are whole grains, peas, beans, spinach, nuts, and blackstrap (unrefined) molasses.

One of the best sources of iron is cream of wheat cereal. It contains over 7 mg in six ounces. Many cold breakfast cereals such as bran flakes also have plenty of iron, both naturally and from added supplements.

Iron side effects and toxicity

Overdose can be fatal.
Children are at risk of accidental overdose from products containing iron.
Iron supplements, especially potent iron supplements meant for pregnant women, should be kept out of the reach of children.
There has been some association between the intake of heme iron and the risk of heart attacks.

Liquid iron supplements can even stain teeth.
Symptoms of iron overdose of iron: nausea, vomiting, and constipation.

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Iodine deficiency

We need iodine to make the thyroid hormones that regulate our body’s metabolism.
Those thyroid hormones are very important for our growth, cell reproduction, nerve functions, and how our cells use oxygen.
Thyroxin is one of the hormones that regulate how fast we use the energy from our food. If we don’t have enough iodine, our thyroid wells up in an effort to make more hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. The swelling is called a goiter.

Iodine also used for prevention of radiation-induced thyroid cancer in those with iodine deficiency and to treat fibrocystic breast disease.Kal Kelp Iodine, 225 mcg (250 tablets)

Deficiency may occur in those who do not enough get salt, fish, or sea vegetables and is becoming more common in the general population due to restrictions on salt intake for blood pressure. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy causes a severe form of mental retardation called
cretinism.

Deficiency reduces thyroid hormone production, causing hypothyroidism, fatigue, weight gain, goiter, miscarriage, birth defects, and stunted growth. It is also the most common cause of brain damage.
A deficiency of selenium, vitamin A, or iron can worsen iodine deficiency

Foods containing goitrogens—such as cabbage, broccoli, caulifl oour, Brussels sprouts, and soybeans—inhibit the synthesis of thyroid hormone. These foods are a concern only for those who are iodine deficient and consume high amounts of them. Cooking deactivates the goitrogens.
Iodine is added to a lot of daily multi supplements, but it’s not really needed, because most people get more than enough from the salt in their food. Too much iodine (over 25 times the RDA) can also cause a goiter. More than 1,000 mg a day may also cause acne flare-ups in some people.

Iodine food sources

Such food as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and soybeans Foods contains goitrogens that inhibit the synthesis of thyroid hormone. These foods are a concern only for those who are iodine deficient and consume high amounts of them. Cooking deactivates the goitrogens. Food which is rich iodine -salt, seafood, sea vegetables (kelp), and vegetables grown in iodinerich soil

Iodine Side Effects

High doses of iodine may cause hypothyroidism and goiter. Toxicity is rare and occurs only with very high doses;
Symptoms iodine overdose include burning of the mouth, throat, and stomach; fever, nausea, and vomiting; those with iodine deficiency, goiter, cystic fibrosis, or thyroid disease may be more susceptible to adverse effects.

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