vitamins deficiency symptoms

What kind of minerals are in tap water?

Minerals in surface water come from the natural dissolution of rocks and minerals.

Mixture of water is also depends on discharges from municipal or industrial sources. In general, surface water, rivers, lakes and streams, contain fewer minerals than ground water, wells and springs.
The most abundant minerals dissolved in water are salts of calcium, magnesium, strontium, ferrous iron, and manganese. The cations are associated with are bicarbonates, carbonates, sulfates, and chlorides.
Dissolved minerals such as magnesium and calcium contribute to the hardness of water.
The more dissolved minerals the water contains the harder the water.
Excessively large concentrations of dissolved minerals in drinking water may result in physiological effects, unpalatable mineral tastes, and increased costs due to corrosion or the necessity for additional treatment.
Unfortunately in or days our drinking water purity is declining. Some comprehensive studies are now showing that there are over 2,100 toxins in our drinking water.

These toxins include: chlorine, lead, chemicals that get into the water supply from large farming run offs, and corporate pollution.
We need to remove these chemicals that can cause cancer and other diseases, but retain the minerals.
Water filtration is as much about regulating these levels of helpful minerals as it is removing harmful contaminants, so it is vital that you consider which are in your tap water in order to figure out how to best improve its quality.

Minerals we should avoid

There are some minerals that are useful in trace amounts but definitely are dengerous beyond that. Here’s the rundown:


Too much aluminum can cause nerve and brain damage. The average person doesn’t need to worry much about this, but if we’re a heavy user of aluminum-based antacids we could have a problem.


Believe or not, we actually need this in very, very small amounts. Most people get about 140 mcg a day from their food. Doses larger than 250 mcg a day are toxic.


Our body doesn’t have any known use for cadmium, so it’s never developed a way to get rid of it. Unfortunately, cadmium is found in cigarette smoke and air pollution, so we could accumulate a toxic amount over many years. If we don’t already have enough good reasons to stop smoking, cadmium is another.


This stuff is really bad for us, even though our body normally has a tiny amount of it.
Even small amounts of extra lead can cause nerve damage, anemia, mental impairment, and muscle weakness. Recent research also ties lead exposure to high blood pressure. Most cases of lead poisoning occur from exposure to lead-based paint and air pollution. Young children are especially at risk.


This is another mineral that we have naturally in very small amounts. In larger amounts, though, it can do real damage and should be avoided. Mercury is used in a lot of industrial processes, so it can end up in air and water pollution. Fish such as tuna and swordfish that swim in mercury-contaminated water and eat smaller fish also contaminated with mercury may accumulate high levels of it. If we then eat the fish, we’ll also get the mercury that’s in it. Experts suggest eating these fish no more than once a week—less if we’re pregnant or breastfeeding. What about the mercury in our silver dental fillings? You’re not sure if this is really dangerous or not—talk to our dentist.
How can we avoid all these dangerous minerals? To a degree, we can’t in our industrial society.
There are some simple steps we can take, though: have lead paint removed, stop smoking, and avoid contaminated food, water, and air.

Minerals are essential elements of health

Minerals in nutrition divided into two categories. The major minerals we need every day include calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur. We know for sure that we need very small amounts of boron, chromium, cobalt, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, silicon, tin, vanadium, and zinc.

mineralsThe key to proper mineral nutrition is balance. Minerals should not be eaten in amounts that greatly exceed needs. Some minerals are toxic in excessive amounts. Some minerals, when taken in excess, induce a relative deficiency of other minerals. For example, excessive sodium causes calcium losses. The body needs every one of the nutritional minerals. Deficiency of even one mineral should be avoided.
Like vitamins, we must get our minerals from our food. But minerals are not destroyed by heat in cooking or processing.

All minerals come from the soil, whether directly from plants, or indirectly from animals that eats plants. The minerals must exist in the soil in order for them to be absorbed by plants. Some agricultural regions are low in certain minerals. Organically grown plants may have a more complete spectrum of minerals.
Minerals are inorganic elements. Minerals are, however, susceptible to being leached out into cooking water that is discarded. Minerals may combine with other compounds in the body, but they retain their unique identity and do not change.

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