vitamins deficiency symptoms

Magnesium is related to osteoporosis

Magnesium is essential for more than 300 metabolic reactions in cells with hundreds of enzyme systems. Magnesium helps in synthesis of nucleic acids, fats, and protein. Magnesium offsets calcium for properly controlled blood clotting. Magnesium accumulated calcium in teeth to make teeth more resistant to cavities. it is a vital nutrient Although there is less than one ounce (about 19 grams) of magnesium in an adult body,.
Most of the magnesium in the body is found in the skeleton, about one-quarter of the magnesium is found in muscles. Only one percent of the magnesium in the body is found outside of cells. Magnesium in blood cells has three forms: bound to proteins, in stable compounds, and as ionized magnesium.

The conventional scientific view is that magnesium is essential for production and release of parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH is essential for the activation of vitamin D and therefore absorption of calcium across the gut wall.magnesuim

Even though calcium has received the most attention, alternative medicine views the importance of magnesium in skeletal metabolism and calcium regulation in a little bit different and perhaps broader contexts. Magnesium influences both matrix and mineral metabolism in bone.
Magnesium depletion causes cessation of bone growth, decreased osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity, osteopenia, and bone fragility. Adequate serum magnesium levels are necessary for proper calcium metabolism; adequate calcium intake may not ensure proper bone health if magnesium status is abnormal.
Magnesium deficiency has been shown more than once to be related to osteoporosis.

Magnesium also required for nerve and muscle function, formation of bones and teeth, synthesis of the antioxidant glutathione, cell membranes, and body temperature regulation. Moreover it involved in energy production, numerous enzyme reactions, and synthesis of DNA and RNA.
Magnesium plays great role in prevention heart disease and in the treatment of high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, migraine headaches, and asthma.

Severe magnesium deficiency is uncommon, but may occur in those with poor diets, malabsorption syndromes (celiac disease), Crohn’s disease, intestinal surgery or infl ammation, kidney disease, diabetes, alcoholism, and in the elderly due to reduced absorption.
Marginal deficiency (consuming less than the RDA) is estimated to affect 75 percent of people.

Symptoms of deficiency include muscle cramps and spasms, weakness, insomnia, poor appetite, kidney stones, osteoporosis, nervousness, irritability, anxiety, depression, and high blood pressure.

Food Sources

Foods high in magnesium include leafy dark-green vegetables, unrefined grains, nuts, seeds, meat, milk, soybeans, tofu, legumes, and figs.

Sodium and blood pressure

Salt is essential for life. Salt consists from sodium and chloride. Only 10 percent of salt intake is from the salt in unprocessed foods such as fruits and vegetables. Three-quarters of the salt most people eat is hidden in processed foods. Many processed foods have high sodium content without tasting salty. About 10 percent of normal salt intake is from salt added in the kitchen or at the table.
sodiumMost natural foods start out with an abundance of potassium and very little sodium. During food processing, this balance gets reversed. Processed foods contain less potassium and excess sodium.
Sodium regulates fluid balance along with potassium. It required for nerve conduction and muscle function, assists absorption of chloride, amino acids, glucose, and water; regulates blood volume and blood pressure.

Sodium deficiency

Deficiency is rare. Sodium deficiency is called hyponatremia. Low blood levels of sodium (hyponatremia) may be caused by fluid retention or excess sodium loss (excessive sweating, prolonged exercise, severe and prolonged vomiting and diarrhea, and kidney disease).

Sodium deficiency occurs also in result of inadequate dietary intakes. In rare cases, excessive water intake can cause low sodium levels in the blood. Hyponatremia can be caused by prolonged, excessive sweating, prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, or the use of some diuretics. Symptoms of hyponatremia include headache, muscle cramps, fainting, fatigue, coma, disorientation and brain damage.
Hyponatremia is something to watch for with intense sport competitions that last for many hours.

Sodium food sources

Salt, processed foods, soy sauce, pickles, snack foods (chips, pretzels, salted nuts), and canned tomato juice

Side effects and toxicity

Excess sodium intake is linked to gastric cancer, osteoporosis, elevated blood pressure, and kidney stones. Reducing sodium intake may help to reduce the risk of these conditions.
Ingestion of a high amount may cause also edema, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps.

Potassium and osteoporosis

Electrolyte mineral potassium is essential for nutrition. Cells need a high concentration of potassium inside cells to function normally.

Source Naturals Potassium Iodide (120 tablets)
The studies have found that diets rich in fruits and vegetables lower the risk of osteoporosis.
There are many nutrients in fruits and vegetables, including potassium and calcium.
Potassium in food and in supplements decreases calcium loss through the kidneys, which increases bone formation and lowers bone loss.
Potassium-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables, increase the available acid buffers in blood, especially bicarbonate. Bicarbonate reduces blood acidity.
In modern society diets became to be low in foods that leave an alkaline residue in the body, which unprocessed fruit and vegetables are characterized. At the same time, American diets tend to be high in foods that leave extra acid residues in the body, such as meat, fish, eggs, and cheese. Normal metabolism also leaves acid residues in the blood that need to be buffered.
If the amount of potassium-rich fruits and vegetables eaten is not sufficient to produce enough alkalinity to buffer blood acids, the body has the ability to remove calcium from bones. This calcium helps neutralize the blood, but leaves the bones depleted in calcium. This increases the risk of osteoporosis.
Increasing the amount of potassium-rich fruits and vegetables in the diet helps to preserve calcium in bones. The calcium can then stay in the bones because the extra potassium in fruits and vegetables buffers blood acidity. In support of this theory, potassium bicarbonate supplementation has been found to decrease urinary acid excretion and to decrease urinary calcium excretion. Of course, it is best to obtain potassium from the diet. Decreased urinary calcium also helps lower the risk of kidney stones.

So potassium is very important for health as it used for prevention of stroke, osteoporosis, kidney stones, and in the treatment of high blood pressure.

Potassium deficiency

Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia) is common and caused by prolonged diarrhea or vomiting, alcoholism, kidney failure, laxative abuse, anorexia, or magnesium deficiency.

Deficiency symptoms include fatigue, muscle weakness and cramps, bloating, constipation, and abdominal pain. Severe hypokalemia may result in muscular paralysis or abnormal heart rhythms.

Potassium food sources

Bananas, baked potatoes, oranges and orange juice, raisins, artichokes, avocados, spinach, beans, meat, cod, chicken, and salmon

Potassium side effects

Adverse effects of potassium include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea; symptoms of toxicity include tingling in extremities, muscle weakness, temporary paralysis, and abnormal heart rhythm.

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